Artificial Intelligence in healthcare
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence (AI), builds smart machines or devices which can perform any task typically required human brain intelligence. AI is a combination of complex algorithms and software. AI aims to duplicate human cognitive functions.
Recently, there has been a great focus on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in various domains to resolve complex problems. With the help of AI, we have some benefits like it cut costs of on-going health operations and impact the quality of care for patients. It diagnoses diseases early, and it also improves patients. In the healthcare sector, AI tools are majorly used in cancer, neurology, and cardiology. The effect of AI depends upon natural language processing (Which is a subfield of AI and computer science) and machine learning (It is an application of AI)
Use-cases of AI:
- Clinical decision support:
In the healthcare sector, AI is useful in clinical decisions that support our doctors to make the best decisions within a small period. And this decision is more accurate than the human brain.
Due to this time is saved & decisions made can change the life of patients.
For both physicians and patient AI is very helpful in healthcare as information management. If there is any urgency then patients get to doctors faster, but in the case of telemedicine, you can give comfort to patients and save your valuable time and money.
Advantages of Artificial Intelligence:
- Easily and early identify high-risk diseases:
AI can collect all data and keep in a single place it can use this information to see into the previous and current health problems. The database of healthcare apps has stored multiple symptoms, so the diagnosis of any high-risk diseases can be understood in an early stage and the future of the person becomes well.
- Save time and cost:
Another important advantage of AI is to save time and money. It can save your time and reduce the efforts of doctors for examining and diagnosing the patients. It can detect certain illnesses in the human body within a short period. This way you can save time and cost a person’s life.
- AI as assistance in surgery:
AI and robots can be used in surgery. Robots can be entered in the body and capture the internal body part photos so surgery becomes easy. With the help of AI, the surgery system can perform the most accurate movement. Thus complicated and critical surgery is done with less pain and loss of blood. The risk of surgery is very less with no side effects. By doing such type of surgery the patients recover much faster than the traditional surgery.
- AI helps in the augment human abilities:
By using AI, patients can be assisted by robots. And paralyzed people do not require any caretaker because of exoskeleton robots. Another big application in healthcare is a smart artificial body part that is connected with sensors so patients can do their work efficiently.
Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence
- A lack of human involvement:
Robots are logical and they are not programmed for feeling like human beings towards the patients. Some peoples think it is a disadvantage. During the treatment or before surgery interactions between a doctor and a patient is very important because to create bonding between them so the patient should trust the doctor.
- Increasing unemployment rates in healthcare sectors:
Nowadays, the works of a human being can do by machines. Since AI has been coming in the healthcare sector, many activities that are performed by humans can be done by robots. Chatbots can provide all information of patients and analyze the current condition of patient’s health, if there is any problem related to health then robots can solve that problem individually. And it can available anytime, anywhere. So many doctors and healthcare peoples and helpers can lose their work.
• Possibility of an Inaccurate Diagnosis:
The perfect diagnosis for any disease depends upon data collected from peoples who have the same symptoms. AI can check the information from the database for any particular patient and if AI gets insufficient information about that person or patient then there is a high possibility to provide a wrong diagnosis. In other cases, the doctor can give the wrong treatment if he has no experience. And if the doctor has no information about the patient then he can ask to patient and diagnosis him immediately.
Applications of Artificial Intelligence
- Robots-assisted surgery:
Surgical robots can be used in surgery in place of human begins for more accuracy, reduces time and scope of errors.
- Virtual assistant for Nursing:
Virtual assistants in healthcare can take care of the patient for 24*7, so they can remains in touch all the time.
- AI in Cybersecurity:
With the help of AI, all the data related to the patient remains safe and secure so that nobody can misuse them and remains private.
- Reduces Fraud cases:
Both patients and medical institutions suffer from fraud cases by using this AI application both will have help to remove from fraud attempts.
- Accurate Dosages:
Every drop of medicine is important in the medical sector, overdosages or fewer dosages are harmful to health so accuracy is important. With the help of AI, it is easy to give accurate dosages to patients.
Artificial Intelligence is on growing in the healthcare field over the last few years. It will continuously perform well in the healthcare sector. Day by day it improves the opportunities for the health section by taking care of patients and gives out better services.
Those applications include natural language processing that is speech recognition, machine learning, and robotics. These techniques have software algorithms to understand and learn from and according to it, they can act to improve performance.
Artificial intelligence is continuously improving the healthcare sector. And it can diagnosis more accurately and take care of their health.