This is how CEO of Apple, Amazon, Facebook and Google Plan to Defend Themselves to Congress

With their huge day earlier than lawmakers simply across the nook, previews of Google, Facebook, Amazon and Apple’s opening statements are now obtainable on the House Judiciary Committee’s site. On Wednesday, the CEOs of every firm will seem in an unusually executive-packed Congressional listening to centered on antitrust considerations over the enterprise practices.

Whereas the opening statements are only a glimpse of the listening to’s potential subjects, they do present a helpful define for the technique every firm will use to fend off accusations that their companies have grown on such an infinite scale resulting from anticompetitive conduct. In current hearings, tech executives have largely managed to stay to protected, well-rehearsed strains, so if any moments deviate from these scripts these will seemingly be essentially the most attention-grabbing or helpful bits of testimony.

Of their opening statements, the chief executives of every firm make some comparable arguments — for instance, all four declare that their corporations, regardless of their size and power, nonetheless face intense competitors, particularly in global markets. Amazon and Apple additionally argue that their ecosystems have created tens of millions of job for third-party companies that use their platforms.

However the CEOs additionally take barely totally different approaches to how they current their opening statements. Jeff Bezos, Amazon’s chief executive officer, and Sundar Pichai, the CEO of Alphabet and Google, go into their personal backgrounds. Meanwhile, each Apple CEO Tim Cook and Fb’s Mark Zuckerberg make an enchantment to U.S. patriotism. Of their respective statements, Cook calls Apple an “uniquely American company” and Zuckerberg declares Facebook a “proudly American company.”

Amazon plays up job creation

Although Amazon is the most important on-line retailer in America, Bezos will argue that it’s a small participant within the world retail market, with Amazon accounting for “lower than 1% of the $25 trillion world retail market and fewer than 4% of retail within the U.S.” Amongst home opponents, Bezos focuses on Walmart, stating that it’s “an organization greater than twice Amazon’s measurement,” and likewise names newer opponents like Shopify and Instacart.

Bezos additionally dwells on the small and medium-sized retailers that promote the merchandise on Amazon’s platform, estimating that third-party companies on Amazon have created over 2.2 million new jobs world wide.

Facebook goes all-in on America vs. China

Zuckerberg additionally argues that Fb nonetheless faces intense competitors, particularly in different international locations. Although Zuckerberg doesn’t reference any particular firm or app, he calls out competitors from the Chinese tech trade, telling lawmakers that “China is constructing its personal model of the web centered on on very totally different concepts, and they’re exporting their imaginative and prescient to different international locations.”

Whereas Facebook has been criticized for buying corporations like Instagram and WhatsApp, Zuckerberg says that these companies improved underneath his firm’s possession.

Google names its competitors

Despite the fact that Google Search is the dominant search engine within the U.S., Pichai will declare that his firm is dealing with down a big roster of rivals, together with companies that don’t particularly serps. For instance, he cites Amazon’s Alexa, Twitter, WhatsApp, Snapchat, and Pinterest as various sources of data and says shoppers flip to e-commerce websites like Amazon, eBay and Walmart for details about merchandise.

Google’s ad business can also be anticipated to be within the highlight through the hearings. Pichai argues that advertisers have “an infinite quantity of selection” for platforms, together with Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, Comcast and others, meaning promoting prices have lowered by 40% over the last decade.

Apple factors to smartphone competition

Cook says that the “smartphone market is fiercely competitive,” with rivals like Samsung, LG, Huawei and Google, and that all of Apple’s product categories, together with the iPhone, shouldn’t have a dominant market share in any of the markets the place it does business.

Like Bezos, Cook’s assertion additionally argues that Apple’s ecosystem has helped create jobs. He says that the App Store now hosting more than 1.7 million apps, solely 60 of which had been developed by Apple, and “greater than 1.9 million American jobs in all 50 states are attributable to Apple.”

The big tech listening to with the House Judiciary’s Antitrust Subcommittee will begin Wednesday at 12PM ET and we’ll be following along over the course of the day so test again for protection of essentially the most noteworthy moments. For reference, the complete opening statements may be found below.

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